Tia Triyanah, Edi Suryadi


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh iklim sekolah terhadap semangat kerja guru sekolah menengah kejuruan. Metode penelitian menggunakan survei eksplanatory. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dengan skala 1 sampai dengan 5 model skala likert. Responden sebanyak 32 guru sekolah menengah kejuruan. Teknik analisis menggunakan regresi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh yang positif antara iklim sekolah terhadap semangat kerja guru. Dengan demikian semakin kondusif iklim sekolah, maka semakin tinggi tingkat semangat kerja guru.

Kata Kunci: iklim sekolah, semangat kerja


The research aims to find about the influence of school climate on vocational high school teachers’ work enthusiasm. It adopted an explanatory survey method. Data were collected with a 1-5 Likert scale questionnaire. The respondents consisted of 32 vocational high school teachers. Data were analyzed with regression technique. The findings show that school climate had positive influence on teachers’ work enthusiasm. Therefore, the more conducive the school climate is, the higher teachers’ enthusiasm will be.

Keywords: school climate, work enthusiasm

Full Text:



Ashmos, D., & Duchon, D. (2000). Spirituality at Work. Journal of Management Inquiry, 9, 134-45.

Aslam, R. (2012). Investigating the Relationship of OCB with Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment and Turnover Intensions (A case study on teaching staff of University of the Punjab). International Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, 1(9), 90-100.

Asnawi, S. (1999). Aplikasi Psikolgi dalam Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Perusahaan. Jakarta: Pusgrafin.

Babatunde, M. M., & Olanrewaju, M. K. (2014). Class Size and School Climate as Correlates of Secondary School Students’ Scholastic Achievement in Itesiwaju Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Human-Social Science: G Linguistics & Education, 14(3), 14-21.

Barnes, K., Brynard, S., & Wet, C. d. (2012). The influence of school culture and school climate on violence in schools of the Eastern Cape Province. South African Journal of Education, 32(1), 69-82.

Berkovich, I. (2011). No We Wont Teachers Resistance to Educational Reform. Journal of Educational Administration, 49(5), 563 - 578.

Bordhan, S. (2015). Job satisfaction of teacher educators in relation to sex, qualification, experience and age at secondary level in Kamrup and Nagaon districts of Assam. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, II(3), 703-706.

Brady, J. (2007). A Pilot Study of Teacher Morale in Three Secondary Schools in The North of England. Journal of Educational Administration, 14(1), 94-106.

Brady, L. (1988). The Principal as A Climate Factor in Australian School: A Review of Studies. The Journal of Educational Administration, 26(1), 74-82.

Chamundeswari, S. (2013). Job Satisfaction and Performance of School Teacher. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 3(5), 420-428.

Chughati, F. D., & Perveen, U. (2013). A Study of Teachers Workload and Job Satisfaction in Public and Private Schools at Secondary Level in Lahore City Pakistan. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 2(1), 202-214.

Earthman, G. I., & Lemasters, L. K. (2009). Teacher Attitudes About Classroom Conditions. Journal of Educational Administration, 47(3), 323 - 335.

Galvez, I. E., Cruz, F. J., & Diaz, J. F. (2016). Evaluation of The Impact of Quality Management Systems on School Climate. International Journal of Educational Management, 30(4), 474 - 492.

Govindarajan, D. K. (2012). Teachers Morale. International Journal of Behavioral SocialL and Movement Sciences, I(2), 57-61.

Hadiyanto. (2004). Mencari Sosok Desentralisasi Manajemen Pendidikan di Indonesia. Bandung: PT Rineka Cipta.

Handoko, H. (2004). Manajemen Personalia dan Sumber Daya Manusia. Yogyakarta: BPFE-UGM.

Hoffman, L. L., Hutchinson, C. J., & Reiss, E. (2009). On Improving School Climate: Reducing Reliance On Rewards And Punishment. International Journal of Whole Schooling, V(1), 13-24.

Hoy, W. K., Hoffman, J., Sabo, D., & Bliss, J. (1996). The Organizational Climate of Middle Schools: The Development and Test of The OCDQ-RM. Journal of Educational Administration, 34(1), 41-59.

Jain, S., Cohen, A. K., Huang, K., Hanson, T. L., & Austin, G. (2015). Inequalities in School Climate in California. Journal of Educational Administration, 53(2), 237 - 261.

Kingoina, J. O. (2015). Head Teachers Perception on Teachers Morale toward Instructional Work in Public Primary School in Kegogi Division Marani Kenya. International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research, III(4), 167-174.

Kingoina, O. J., Kadenyi, M. M., & Ngaruiya, N. B. (2015). Effect of Teachers’ Morale on Standard Eight Pupils’ Academic Achievement in Public Primary Schools in Marani Sub-County, Kenya. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, V(10), 1-9.

Kinjerski, V., & Skrypnek, B. J. (2004). Defining Spirit at Work Finding Common Ground. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 17(1), 26-42.

Linz, S. J., Good, L. K., & Huddleston, P. (2006). Worker Morale in Russia: an Exploratory Study. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21(5), 415 - 437.

Lishchinsky, O. S., & Rosenblatt, Z. (2010). School Ethical Climate and Teachers Voluntary Absence. Journal of Educational Administration, 48(2), 164 - 181.

Luthans, F. (2005). Organizational Behavior. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Mackenzie, N. (2007). Teacher morale: More complex than we think? The Australian Educational Researche, 34(1), 89-104.

Majorsy, U. (2007). Kepuasan Kerja, Semangat Kerja, dan Komitmen Organisasional pada Staf Pengajar Universitas Gunadarma. Jurnal Psikologi, I(1), 63-74.

Mitroff, I., & Denton, E. (1999). A Study of Spirituality in The Workplace. Sloan Management Review, 40(4), 83-92.

Neelam. (2014). A Study of Job Satisfaction Among Primary School Teachers in Relation to Their Demographic Variables. Teachers in Relation to Their Demographic Variables, IV(2), 46-57.

Nitisemito, A. S. (2002). Manajemen Personalia: Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia.

Pashiardis, G. (2008). Toward a Knowledge Base for School Climate in Cyprus Schools. International Journal of Educational Management, 22(5), 399 - 416.

Pourrajab, D. M., Roustaee, R., Talebloo, B., Kasmaienezhadfard, S., & Ghani, A. M. (2015). School Climate and Parental Involvement: The Perception of Iranian Teachers. Global Journal of Commerce & Management Perspective, IV(1), 24-33.

Rapti, D. (2012). School Climate as an Important Component in School Effectiveness. International Scientific Journal, 111-125.

Sahney, V. D. (2016). School Leadership and Its Impact on Student Achievement: The Mediating Role of School Climate and Teacher Job Satisfaction. International Journal of Educational Management, 30(6), 1-30.

Sarafidou, J. O., & Chatziioannidis, G. (2013). Teacher Participation in Decision Making and Its Impact on School and Teachers. International Journal of Educational Management, 27(2), 170-183.

Sari, D. P. (2016). Hubungan Iklim Sekolah dengan Semangat Kerja Guru SMK Swasta se-Kota Padang Panjang. Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan, 1.

Shukla, S. (2014). Teaching Competency, Professional Commitment and Job Satisfaction-A Study of Primary School Teachers. Journal of Research & Method in Education, IV(3), 44-64.

Siswanto, B. (2002). Manajemen Tenaga Kerja Indonesia. Jakarta: PT Bumi Aksara.

Smith, K. R. (1966). A Proposed Model for the Investigation of Teacher Morale. Journal of Educational Administration, 4(2), 143-148.

Smith, K. R. (1976). Morale A Refinement of Stogdills Model. Journal of Educational Administration, 14(1), 87-93.

Tajasom, A., & Ahmad, Z. A. (2011). Principals Leadership Style and School Climate: Teachers Perspectives From Malaysia. International Journal of Leadership in Public Services, 7(4), 314 -333.

Taormina, R. J., & Gao, J. H. (2008). A Comparison of Work Enthusiasm and Its Antecedents Across Two Chinese Culture. Journal of Asia Business Studies, 2(2), 13-22.

Thaninayagam , D. V. (2014). Organizational Climate and Teachers Morale in the Higher Secondary Schools of. International Journal of Scientific Research, III(11), 132-136.

Tohardi, A. (2002). Pemahaman Praktis Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Jakarta: CV Mandar Maju.

Uline, C., & Moran, M. T. (2008). The Walls Speak: The Interplay of Quality Facilities, School Climate, and Student Achievement. Journal of Educational Administration, 46(1), 55-73.

Voight, A., Hanson, T., OMalley, M., & Adekanye, L. (2015). The Racial School Climate Gap: Within-School Disparities in Students’ Experiences of Safety, Support, and Connectedness. American Journal of Community Psychologi, 56, 252–267.

Wong, R. Y. (1991). Construct Validation of the Staff Morale Questionnaire Staff Morale Questionnaire. Journal of Educational Administration, 29(1), 71-80.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jpm.v1i1.3333


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Pendidikan Manajemen Perkantoran

Jurnal Pendidikan Manajemen Perkantoran   View My Stats