Model Pendidikan Gerak untuk Meningkatkan Physical-Self-Concept pada Pendidikan Jasmani di Sekolah Dasar

Safithry 'Indy Astuty, Suherman Slamet, Ricky Wibowo


This study is motivated by the lack of students' understanding of the concept of physical self (Physical Self-Concept) in physical education which is still low, and many students who do not look at physical performance, physical appearance, and weight control in physical activities and educators must apply to a movement education model so that students can understand the Physical Self-Concept on students' physical abilities. The purpose of the study is to determine the effect through the application of the movement education model to improve the Phyical Self-Concept in physical education in elementary schools. The research method uses Classroom Action Research with 2 cycles, in one cycle consisting of 2 actions. In the study conducted at SDN 032 Tilil in Bandung City, with a sample of class III A students totaling 29 students (13 male students, 16 female students). The instrument used is the CPSS (Children's Physical Self Scale) on students according to their abilities and learning outcomes in the movement education model. Based on the results of study data, that students can carry out the learning process through physical self-concept in physical education in elementary schools with the application of the movement education model can be increased.


Studi ini dilatarbelakangi oleh kurangnya pemahaman siswa akan konsep diri terhadap fisik (Physical Self-Concept) pada pendidikan jasmani yang masih rendah, dan banyak siswa yang tidak melihat akan performa jasmani, penampilan jasmani, dan kontrol berat badan pada aktivitas jasmani dan pendidik harus menerapkan pada model pendidikan gerak agar siswa dapat memahami tentang Physical Self-Concept pada kemampuan jasmani siswa. Tujuan dari penelitian yaitu mengetahui pengaruh melalui penerapan model pendidikan gerak untuk meningkatkan Phyical Self-Concept pada pendidikan jasmani di Sekolah Dasar. Metode penelitian menggunakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas dengan 2 siklus, dalam satu siklus terdiri dari 2 tindakan. Pada penelitian dilakukan di SDN 032 Tilil Kota Bandung, dengan sampel peserta didik kelas III A yang berjumlah 29 siswa (13 siswa laki-laki, 16 siswa perempuan). Instrumen yang digunakan yaitu CPSS (Children’s Physical Self Scale) pada siswa sesuai dengan kemampuan yang mereka miliki dan hasil belajar pada model pendidikan gerak. Berdasarkan hasil data studi, bahwa siswa dapat melaksanakan proses pembelajaran melalui physical self-concept pada pendidikan jasmani di sekolah dasar dengan penerapan model pendidikan gerak dapat meningkat.


Children’s Physical Self Scale, Model Pendidikan Gerak, Physical Self-Concept

Full Text:



Barker, D., Bergentoft, H., & Nyberg, G. (2017). What Would Physical Educators Know About Movement Education? A Review of Literature, 2006–2016. Quest, 69(4), 419–435. doi:10.1080/00336297.2016.1268180

Garn, A., & Shen, B. (2014). Physical self-concepy and basic psychological needs in exercise: Are there reciprocal effects? Internasional Journal of Sport and Exercise Psycology, 13(2), 169-181. Doi: 10.1080/1612197x.2014.940994

Ludwig, E. A. (1968). Toward an Understanding of Basic Movement Education in the ludElementary Schools. Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, 39(3), 26–78. doi:10.1080/00221473.1968.10619085

Mahendra, A. 2017. Model Pendidikan Gerak Implementasi Pendidikan Jasmani Di Sekolah Dasar. Bandung.

Marsh, H.W., Martin, A. J., & Jackson, S. (2010). Introducing a short version ofthe physical self-description questionnaire: New strategies, short-form evaluative criteria, and applications offactor analyses. Journal ofSport and Exercise Psychology, 32, 348–482.

Martín-Albo, J., Núñez, J. L., Domínguez, E., León, J., & Tomás, J. M. (2012). Relationships between intrinsic motivation, physical self-concept and satisfaction with life: A longitudinal study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(4), 337–347. doi:10.1080/02640414.2011.649776

Nugraha, L., Mahendra, A., & Herdiyana, I. (2018). Penerapan Model Pendidikan Gerak Dalam Pengembangan Pola Gerak Dasar Manipulatif Melalui Kerangka Analisis gerak (Movement Analysis Framework). TEGAR: Journal of Teaching Physical Education in Elementary School, 1(2), 24-32

Stein, R. J., Bracken, B. A., Haddock, C. K., & Shadish, W. R. (1998). Preliminary development of the Children's Physical Self-Concept Scale. Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics: JDBP, 19(1), 1-8

Purwaningrum, N.F (2008) Hubungan Antara Citra Raga Dengan Perilaku Makan Pada Remaja Putri. Skripsi thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Wigfield, A., & Karpathian, M. (1991). Who Am I and What Can I Do? Children’s Self-Concepts and Motivation in Achievement Situations. Educational Psychologist, 26(3-4), 233-261. Doi: 10.1080/00461520.1991.09653134



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Safithry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Lisensi Creative Commons
This work is licensed under a Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.


                                                                      View My Stats