Challenges And Effects of Poor Recruitment and Selection Process in Nigerian Workplace

Grace Addah, Oghenenyerhowvo Omogbiya


In this study, recruitment and selection procedures in Nigerian organizations were examined. In order to accomplish this, literature on recruitment and selection practices, contemporary trends in recruitment and selection at the workplace in Nigeria, problems and consequences of poor recruitment and selection practices, as well as management strategies for recruitment and selection at the Nigerian workplace, was reviewed. For the purpose of developing a strong justification for the discourse, this study made use of the Human Capital Theory and Resource Based View (RBV) Theory. As a result, this study came to the conclusion that finding the right employee for the right job is essential for organizational success. In order to have a round peg in a round hole, it is advised that organizations in Nigeria constantly check that their recruitment and selection criteria are valid and in line with international best practices. This recommendation includes, among other things that all employers of labor in Nigeria, whether they are public or private, should make sure that qualified human resources experts are in charge of the recruitment and selection process.


recruitment, selection, challenges, consequences, Nigeria

Full Text:



Adeola, M. M., & Adebiyi, O. S. (2016). Employee motivation, recruitment practices and banks performance in Nigeria. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Knowledge, 2(4), 70 - 94.

Adeyoriju, R., & Fajebe, F. (2018). human resources recruitment and selection practices in Nigerian organizations. Interdisciplinary Journal of Education, 1(2), 130 – 138.

Anyim, F. C., Ekwoaba, J. O.,& Ideh, D. A. (2012).The role of human resource planning in recruitment and selection process. British Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 6(2), 68 - 78.

Armstrong, M. (2006). A handbook of human resource management practice. Great Britain: Cambridge University.

Armstrong, M. (2009). Armstrong’s handbook of human resource management practice.. UK: Kogan Page Limited.

Banjoko, S. (2002). Human resources management: An expository approach. Lagos: Pumark Nigeria Limited.

Barney, J. B. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17 (1), 99 - 120.

Barney, J. B. (2001). Resource-based theories of competitive advantage: A ten-year retrospective on the resource-based view. Journal of Management, 27(6), 643 - 650.

Basu, R. (2007). Public administration: Concepts and theories. New York: Sterling Publishers.

Certo, S. C. (2007). Principles of modern management Lowa: Brown Publishers.

Cole, G. A. (2002). Personnel and human resource management. London: Book Power.

Ejumudo, K. B. O. (2010). Constraints in the staff recruitment and selection system of Delta State civil service. International Journal of Research in Arts and Social Sciences, 2, 321 – 332.

Ekwoaba, J. O., Ikeije, U. U. & Ufoma, N. (2015).The impact of recruitment and selection criteria on organizational performance. Global Journal of Human Resource Management, 3(2), 22 - 33.

Fajana, S., Owoyemi, O., Elegbede, T., & Gbajumo-Sheriff, M. (2011). Human resource management practices in Nigeria. Journal of Management and Strategy, 2(2), 57 - 62.

Gamage, A. S. (2014). Recruitment and selection practices in manufacturing SMEs in Japan: An analysis of the link with business performance. Ruhuna Journal of Management and Finance, 1(1), 37 – 52.

Gberevbie, D. E. (2011). An appraisal of staff recruitment and retention policies of delta state civil service in Nigeria. Bulletin Economic Sciences Series, 43(1), 16 – 28.

Henry, O., & Temtime, Z. (2009). Recruitment and selection practices in SMEs: Empirical evidence from a developing country perspective. Advances in Management, 3(2), 52 - 58.

Laxmikanth,, M. (2008). Public administration. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill.

Naveen, S., & Raju, D. N. M. (2014). A study on recruitment & selection process with reference to three industries, cement industry, electronics industry, sugar industry in Krishna DtAp, India. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 15(5), 60 - 67.

Ofori, D., & Aryeetey, M. (2011). Recruitment and selection practices in small and medium enterprises. International Journal of Business Administration, 2(3), 45 - 60.

Okereka, O. P. (2015). The ecology of recruitment and selection of personnel and the quest for efficiency in the Delta State civil service. Global Journal of Political Science and Administration, 3(5), 9 – 20.

Okolie, U. C., & Irabor, I. E. (2017). e-Recruitment: Practices, opportunities and challenges. European Journal of Business and Management, 9(11), 115 – 122.

Okolie, U.C. (2019). Effect of diversity management on human resource management: Recruitment and selection in focus. Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series, 20(2), 63 – 86.

Omisore, B. O., & Okofu, B. I. (2014). Staff recruitment and selection process in the Nigerian public service: What is to be done? International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 4(3), 280 - 293.

Onwe, S. O., Abah, E. O. & Nwokwu, P. M. (2015). Politics of recruitment and selection in the Nigerian civil service-An Ebonyi state experience. Public Policy and Administration Research, 5(2), 92 - 99.

Onyeaghala, O. H., & Hyacinth, M. I. (2016). Effects of employee selection process on productivity in the public and private sectors: A case of Benue state. Bus. Eco. J., 7, 27 - 30.

Osibanjo, O. A., & Adeniji, A. A. (2013). Impact of organizational culture on human resource practices: a study of selected Nigerian private universities. Journal of Competitiveness, 5(4), 115 - 133.

Sinha, V. & Thaly, P. (2013). A review on changing trend of recruitment practice to enhance the quality of hiring in global organizations. Management, 18(2), 141 - 156.

Stahl, O. G. (2007). Public personnel administration. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Teixeira, A. (2002). On the link between human capital and firm performance: A theoretical and empirical survey. FEP Working Paper, 121, 1 - 38.

Tiemo, J. A., &Arubaye, D. O. (2012). Recruitment practices in Nigeria: Issues of equality and diversity Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences, 3(3), 210 - 213.

Yaseen, A. (2015). Recruitment and selection process of higher education sector and its impact on organizational outcomes. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 5(4), 79 - 94.

Zirra, C. T. O., Ogbu, J. O., & Ojo, G. R. (2017). Impact of recruitment and selection strategy on employees’ performance: a study of three selected manufacturing companies in Nigeria. International Journal of Innovation and Economic Development, 3(3), 32 - 42.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indonesian Journal of Digital Business is published by Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI)
and managed by Department of Digital Business
Jl. Dr. Setiabudi No.229, Kota Bandung, Indonesia - 40154
View My Stats