Media Komik Pada Pelajaran IPA Untuk Meningkatkan Multiple Intelligences Siswa SD

Margaretha Sri Yuliariatiningsih

Abstract


Abstract

This study was grounded on the students’ hobby in reading comics. The result of the literature study showed that comic used as media in learning Physics was very effective as learning media and attractive to be read. One of the supporting factors of this success in improving the students’ multiple intelligences was the integration of art and craft activities in the science learning process. Moreover, the theory of multiple intelligences accomodated students with various way of learning thinking. The developed training model in this study consisted of five stages that were orientation, presentation, structured excersice, guided excersice and individual excersice. In each Science class, the learning process was always started with the elicitation of students’ prior knowledge. Then each student got one comic to be read. After the reading session, the teacher asked them about the contents of the comics either classically or individually. In the next step the students were invited to observe the demonstration done by the teacher only if the instruments or materials were not safe for them, (e.g hot water). Nevertheless, if they were safe enough for the students, they were allowed to do the experiment by themselves. Students’ worksheets (LKS) were done by the students in group to develop their interpersonal and verbal-linguistic intelligences. Based on observation during experiments and drawing activities, the students’ visual-spatial intelligences were developed. Every learning process was always ended with knowledge test individually which would be discussed later. The study concluded that: 1) the training model improved PGSD students’ skills in developing comic as teaching media, 2) comics are proven to improve the elementary school students’ motivation in learning science, 3) comic enhanced elementary school students’ understanding in science knowledge which was indicated by the achievement of the students’ test score (85 point grade). Comic also developed elementary school students’ multiple intelligences in the aspects of verbal-linguistic, logical-mathematic, visual-spatial, naturalist, and interpersonal. It is recommended that comic should be developed as teaching media especially in elementary school. Comis can be used as one alternative of learning medias that can motivate students to learn something as well as improving their reading hobby. Key Word: comic, motivation, learning science, achievement


References


DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Abidin, Y. (2009). Guru dan Pembelajaran Bermutu. Bandung: Rizqi Press

Badan Standarisasi Nasional Pendidikan. (2006). Pedoman Penyusunan

Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan. Jakarta: Balitbang Depdiknas

Cameron, L. (2001). Teaching Languages to Young Learners. Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press

Campbell, L. & Dickinson, D. (1996). Teaching and Learning Through Multiple Intelligences. USA: Allyn and Bacon

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. (2003). Undang-undang RI no. 20 tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional

E. Mol, S. et.al. (2009). Interactive Book Reading in Early Education: A Tool

to Stimulate Print Knowledge as Well as Oral Language. Dalam Review

of Educational Research [online], Vol 79, (2), pp. 979-1007. Tersedia:

http://rer.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/79/2/979 [9 Maret 2009]

Gega, P,C. (1982). Science In Elementary Education. New York : John Wiley and

Sons

Hammond, L, D. (2006). Powerful Teacher Education. San Fransisco: John Wiley

& Sons, Inc

Karli, H & Yuliariatiningsih, M.S. (2004). Implementasi Kurikulum Berbasis

Kompetensi Model-Model Belajar. Bandung : Bina Media Informasi

Muslim, A. (2009). Pengaruh Motivasi Belajar Terhadap Hasil Belajar IPA

Siswa Kelas V Sekolah Dasar di Kecamatan Balubur Limbangan. Skripsi

Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia: tidak diterbitkan

N’ Namdi K. (2005). Guide to Teaching Reading at the Primary School Level.

UNESCO

Nugraha, I,S,E. (2009). Penggunaan Media Komik untuk Meningkatkan Motivasi

Belajar Siswa pada Pembelajaran IPA Konsep Pesawat Sederhana. Skripsi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia: tidak diterbitkan

Pranata, M. (2003). Ceramah Desain Berbasis Keterampilan Visual. Jakarta : Gramedia

Prindani, W. (2009). Uji Coba Komik Fisika Berjudul Bunyi Karya Istianah Qudsi

FT sebagai Media Pembelajaran IPA SMP Kelas VIII. Skripsi, Jurusan

Pendidikan Fisika FMIPA Universitas Negeri Malang: tidak diterbitkan

Read, C. (2005). “Managing Children Positively”. Journal of English Teaching Professional. 38, 4-7.

Renner, J. W & Stafford, Don. G. (1979). Teaching Science in in The Elementary School. New York : Harper & Row Publishers

Sanjaya, W. (2007). Kajian Kurikulum dan Pembelajaran. Bandung: tidak

diterbitkan

Sanjaya, W. (2008). Kurikulum dan Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group

Santrock, J.W. (2008). Life Span Development. USA : Mc Graw Hill Inc

Smith, M, K. (2008). Howard Gardner and Multiple Intelligences, The

Encyclopedia of Informal Education. [online].

http://.www.infed.org/thinkers/gardner.htm

Sumaji, et al. (1996). Pendidikan Sains yang Humanistis. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius

Tanner, R. (2001). “Teaching Intelligently”. Journal of English Teaching

Professional. 20, 40-41.

Tanner, R & Green. C (1998). Tasks for Teacher Education. New York:

Longman

Tanpa nama (2008), Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran. [online]

www.eduarticle.ahmadhidayat.blogspot.com

Tanpa nama (tanpa tahun). Theory of Multiple Intelligences. [online].

http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_of_multiple_intelligences.htm

Yanthi, N. (2009). Pembelajaran IPA Secara Dwibahasa Melalui Metode

Bercerita untuk Meningkatkan Multiple Intelligences Siswa SD

Laboratorium UPI Kampus Cibiru. Jurnal Edu-Humaniora UPI Kampus

Cibiru: UPI Press

Yuliariatiningsih, M, S. (2009). Model Direct Training untuk Meningkatkan

Keterampilan Mahasiswa PGSD Cibiru Membelajarkan IPA SD dalam

Bahasa Inggris. Jurnal Edu-Humaniora UPI Kampus Cibiru: UPI Press

Wright, A. (2001). Art and Crafts with Children. Oxford: Oxford University Press




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/eh.v2i2.2769

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




 

EduHumaniora: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar

Diterbitkan atas kerjasama Program Studi PGSD UPI Kampus Cibiru

dan

HDPGSDI

Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike license icon

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats