DESAIN DIDAKTIS SOAL CERITA OPERASI HITUNG CAMPURAN UNTUK KELAS III SEKOLAH DASAR

Sahid Agus Nurhamid, Didi Suryadi

Abstract


Abstract: This research based on the student’s learning obstacle of mixed operation of word problem. The purpose of the research is to explore student’s learning obstacle in order to plan didactic design of mathematics learning, especially in word problem matter that can be implemented in third grade students elementary school. The approach used in this research is the qualitative approach through the method of Didactical Design Research (DDR). Technique of collecting data uses documentation, interview, test and observation. The data was analyzed qualitatively for knowing student’s learning obstacle. The focus of the analysis is based on the theory of didactic situation, and the result of this analysis are used for the development of a didactic design hypothetic. The researcher makes pedagogic didactic anticipation based on identified learning obstacle. The didactic design was implemented in SDN 154 Purwodadi Tanjung Jabung Barat. The result of research showed that student’s ontogenical obstacle, didactical obstacle and epistimological obstacle in learning mixed operation of word problem. Based on the above findings, an expected alternative didactical design was composed to minimaze the obstacle that has been identified. From the research it can be concluded that by using this didactic design is one of the alternatives in learning the mixed operation of word problem in elementary school of class III found that learning obstacle can be reduced.

Keyword: Didactic design, word problem, mixed operation, learning obstacle.

 

Abstrak: Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh munculnya hambatan belajar (learning obstacle) siswa tentang soal cerita operasi hitung campuran. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengeksplorasi learning obstacle untuk merancang desain didaktis pembelajaran matematika soal cerita operasi hitung campuran yang dapat diterapkan di kelas III Sekolah Dasar. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif melalui metode DDR (Didactical Design Research). Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik dokumentasi, wawancara, tes dan obervasi. Data dianalisis secara kualitatif untuk menemukan learning obstacle.  Fokus analisis berdasarkan teori situasi didaktis, dan hasil analisis ini digunakan untuk pengembangan desain didaktis hipotetik. Peneliti menyusun antisipasi didaktis pedagogis berdasarkan learning obstacle yang telah teridentifikasi. Desain didaktis yang telah dirancang tersebut diujicobakan di SDN 154 Purwodadi Tanjung Jabung Barat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan siswa mengalami ontogenical obstacle, didactical obstacle dan epistimological obstacle pada pembelajaran soal cerita operasi hitung campuran. Berdasarkan temuan diatas, disusunlah suatu desain didaktis alternatif yang diharapkan mampu mengatasi learning obstacle yang telah teridentifikasi. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan desain didaktis ini merupakan salah satu alternatif dalam pembelajaran soal cerita operasi hitung campuran di SD kelas III, sehingga learning obstacle siswa dapat dikurangi.

Kata Kunci: Desain didaktis, soal cerita, operasi hitung campuran, learning obstacle


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/eh.v8i1.5117

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