Anzar Abdulah


Allegations are often made ahead of the Proclamation of Independence of Indonesia, among others, is increasingly fading spirit of nationalism among the younger generation. Allegations are not necessarily true, but it has created a stigma in society. It needs to be clarified by outlining the background of the birth of nationalism and nationalism contextualization in conjunction with modern Indonesian society today. Nationalism is a long process of the dialectic between space, time and social groups, as well as the political process. Although there are its relation with the "birth", nationalism has always been the "birth process". Nationalism is a modern phenomenon, a notion of nationhood was born out of the equation the fate and suffering as a result of colonization, thus was born the solidarity for the nation rise up and liberate themselves from colonialism to freedom and independence. When the standards of nationalism were patriotism and physical struggle, like war of independence first, certainly has a point, that the nationalism awareness of youth today is fading. However, it should be explained that now no longer possible to perform a physical struggle full of heroism like the past, but we now need is the social solidarity that can strengthen the social bonds of nationhood and Indonesianness in charge of this independence nature. This is what needs to be grown and developed because these values are now beginning to fade among the younger generation, the community and the nation's elite. Nationalism is not something static, but full of dynamics. Every era has different conditions and challenges, thus requiring a dynamic form of nationalism. This paper aims to analyze the relationship between nationalism, nation awareness, and the memories of the past as a reflection of history after 65 years of Indonesia Independent. Also as re-introspection ourselves as a nation, how far nationalism that has made us stronger in strengthening of Indonesianness nodes.


nationalism, nation awareness, past imagination, a reflection of history, 65 years of Indonesia Independent

Full Text:



Abdul Gani, R. (1973). Nationalism, Revolution, and Guided Democracy in Indonesia. Monash University: Clayton VIC of Southeast Asian Studies.

Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined Communities : Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London : Verso.

Camus, A. (1956). The Rebel. An Essay on Man in Revolt. USA: New York Vintage Book.

Corver, A.F.E. (1985). Islamic Union : Fair Queen Movement ? Jakarta : Grafiti Pers.

Desai, S. (1989). Southeast Asia, Past and Present, New York: Macmillan.

Dahm, B. (1987). Soekarno and the Struggle for Independence, Jakarta : LP3ES.

D. Smith, A. (1998). Nationalism and Modernism, New York: Routledge.

Fukuyama, F. (1995). Trust : The Social Virtues and The Creation of Prosperity, New York: The Free Press.

Furet, F. (1989). French Revolution. Yogyakarta : Gadjah Mada University Press.

Faisal Bakti, A. (2006). Nation Building. Jakarta : Churia Press.

Geertz, C. (1992). Culture Political : Yogyakarta : Kanisius

Hanifah, Abu. (1978). Reflection of Nation Struggle Past and Present, Jakarta : Press Idayu Foundation .

Hardianto, B. J.S. (2008). Inspiration from Sorrow Towards the Nation, in Kompas. May 19, 2008, p.34.

H. Frederick, W, et. Al. (1991). Understanding of Indonesia’s History before and After Revolution, Jakarta : LP3ES.

Ingleson. J. (1983). Road to Exile : The National Movement of Indonesia 1927-1934, Jakarta: LP3ES.

Kahin, A. R. (1997). Subversion as Foreign Policy, New York: Yale University Press.

Kahin, G. McT. (1952). Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia. Ithaca: N.Y Cornell University Press.

Kartodirdjo, S. (1962). Some Problems on the Genesis of Nationalism in Indonesia JSAH, 3.1 (March) 1962.

Kartodirdjo, S. (1967), Colonialism and Nationalism XIX-XX Century, History Sheet, Yogyakarta : Research Section, Department of History, Faculty of Letters and Cultural, Gadjah Mada University No.1.

Kartodirdjo, S. (1984). Uprising Banten’s Farmers in 1888 : Conditions, Events Path, and Continuance (A Case Study About Social Movement in Indonesia), Jakarta : Pustaka Jaya.

Kartodirdjo, S. (1992). Introduction to the New Indonesia History : History of National Movement From Colonialism until Nationalism (2). Jakarta : Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Luhulima, J. (2008). The spirit of Nationality Should Continue Maintained, in Kompas, May 19, 2008, p.1 and 15.

Madjid, N. (1998). Finding Roots of Modern Pluralism. The Experience of Indonesia, in Mark R. Wood (ed) New Way of Islam, Bandung : Mizan

Moedjanto, G. (1988). The 20th century Indonesia : From National Awakening until Linggajati (1), Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Mulyana, S. (2008). National Awareness From Colonialism to Independence (1), Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Nagazumi, A. (1986). Indonesia In Study Japanese’s Scholar: Socio-economic Change in XIX-XX Centuries and Various Aspects of Indonesia Nationalism, Jakarta : Obor Institute.

Nagazumi, A. (1989). The Dawn of Indonesian Nationalism : The Early Years of the Budi Utomo, 1908-1918, Jakarta : Obor Institute.

Noer, D. (1980). Modern Islamic Movement in Indonesia 1900-1942. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Notosusanto, N. (1992). National History of Indonesia 3.Jakarta : MOEC.

Onghokham. (1984). Keepsake of Doctor Soetomo, Jakarta : Sinar Harapan.

Book Committee. (1984). One Hundred Years of Agussalim (A Biography), Jakarta : Sinar Harapan.

Prastiti Scherer, S. (1985). Alignment and Gaffe. Thoughts of Java Nationalist Indigenous in Early XX Century. Jakarta : Sinar Agape Press.

Pringgodigdo, A.K. (1986). History of Indonesian People's Movement. Jakarta : Dian Rakyat.

Poole, R. (1993). Morality and Modernity in the Shadows of Militarism. Yogyakarta : Canisius.

Pabotinggi, M. (1993), Spot Our Nationalism. Jakarta : LP3ES.

Poespoprodjo, W. (1982). Traces of History The Form of a Pattern, Jakarta : LP3ES.

Ricklefs, MC. (1999). Modern History of Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Riyanto CM, F. (2008). Sense of Nationality of 1928, in Compass October 27, 2008, p.6.

S. Truna, D, (2002). Islamic institutions in Indonesia : Social Struggle, Politics, Law and Education. Jakarta : Logos Wacana Ilmu.

Snyder, L. L. (1954). The Meaning of Nationalism. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.

Suhartono. (1994). History of National Movement From Budi Utomo until Proclamation 1908-1945. Yogyakarta : Pustaka Pelajar.

Shiraishi, T. (1986). Chevalier Vs Pandita : A Debate In Search of Identity, in Akira Nagazumi (eds) Indonesia in Japanese Scholar Study. Jakarta : Obor Indonesia Institute.

Stiglitz, J. (2002). Globalization and its Discontent. Jakarta : Kompas Publisher

Van Niel, R. (1984). The Emergence of the Modern Indonesian Elite. Jakarta : Pustaka Jaya.

Wild, C, et. al. (1986). The Fire Surge of Revolution. An Anthology of History, Jakarta : Gramedia.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Historia: Jurnal Pendidik dan Peneliti Sejarah 








Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Alamat Redaksi: Gedung Numan Soemantri, FPIPS UPI, Departemen Pendidikan Sejarah, Lantai 2, Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi No 229 Bandung, 40154


View "Jurnal Historia" Stats