Relationship bentween Religious Coping and Self Competency Assesment with Parenting Stress in Parents of Children with Special Needs

Herlina Herlina, Ismawati Kosasih, Helli Ihsan, Tina Hayati Dahlan


This study aims to determine the relationship between parents’ religious coping and perceived competencies in handling their children with special needs and their parental stress level. The subject of the study is 122 parents of children with an array of special needs, selected using an accidental sampling technique. Data for the study were obtained through the Indonesian version of Amer et al.’s BARCS questionnaires (2018), with some adaptations applied. Parents’ perception of their competence in handling their children with special needs was measured using the SEDKO-ABK questionnaire arranged by the researchers. At the same time, Berry & Jones’s Parenting Stress Scale (1995) was adapted into the context of the parenting of children with special needs to measure parents’ stress levels. The data were processed using multiple regression statistical techniques on the significance level of α=0.05. Based on the result, it is discovered that 1) parents’ perception of their competence in handling their children with special needs affects their parental stress level, 2) the use of religious coping has an impact on parental stress level, and 3) self-perception on self-competence and the use of religious coping in handling children with special needs simultaneously give an impact on parental stress level.


Parental Stress, Parent’s Self Evaluation, Religious Coping, Special Needs Children

Full Text:



Abidin, R. R. (1990). Introduction to the special issue: The stresses of parenting. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19(4), 298–301.

Abu-Raiya, H., & Pargament, K. I. (2015). Religious coping among diverse religions: Commonalities and divergences. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 7(1), 24-33.

Aflakseir, A., & Mahdiyar, M. (2016). The role of religious coping strategies in predicting depression among a sample of women with fertility problems in Shiraz. Journal of Reproduction & Infertility, 17(2), 117–122.

Aldosari, M. S., & Pufpaff, L. A. (2014). Sources of stress among parents of children with intellectual disabilities: A preliminary investigation in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Special Education Apprenticeship, 3(1), 1–21.

Amer, M. M., Hovey, J. D., Fox, C. M., & Rezcallah, A. (2008). Initial development of the Brief Arab Religious Coping Scale (BARCS). Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 3(1), 69–88.

Anpalagan, S., Yusop, Y. M., Zainudin, Z. N., Othman, W. N. W., Kari, D. N. F. M., & Surat, S. (2021). Parental stress among parents of children with learning disabilities. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 11(12), 63–77.

Berry, J. O., & Jones, W. H. (1995). The parental stress scale: Initial psychometric evidence. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 12(3), 463–472.

Bloomfield, L., & Kendall, S. (2012). Parenting self-efficacy, parenting stress and child behaviour before and after a parenting programme. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 13(4), 364–372.

Chen, M. F. (2015). Self-efficacy or collective efficacy within the cognitive theory of stress model: Which more effectively explains people's self-reported proenvironmental behavior?. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 42, 66-75.

Chotidjah, S., Herlina, H., Ihsan, H., Susilana, R., & Hadiapurwa, A. (2019, July). Training for Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Does it improve their affective functions?. In 2nd International Conference on Educational Sciences (ICES 2018) (pp. 159-161). Atlantis Press.

Daulay, N., Ramdhani, N., & Hadjam, N. R. (2018). Sense of Competence as Mediator on Parenting Stress. The Open Psychology Journal, 11(1), 198–209.

Esentürk, O. K. (2021). Parents’ perceptions on physical activity for their children with autism spectrum disorders during the novel Coronavirus outbreak. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 67(6), 446-457.

Fatimah, S. (2015). Pengaruh parenting self-efficacy dan dukungan sosial terhadap parenting stress pada orangtua dengan anak berkebutuhan khusus (Bachelor's thesis, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta Fakultas Psikologi, 2015).

Feizi, A., Najmi, B., Salesi, A., Chorami, M., & Hoveidafar, R. (2014). Parenting stress among mothers of children with different physical, mental, and psychological problems. Journal of research in medical sciences: the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, 19(2), 145-152.

Fernandez, S., & Rainey, H. G. (2017). Managing successful organizational change in the public sector. In Debating public administration (pp. 7-26). Routledge.

Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1985). If it changes it must be a process: study of emotion and coping during three stages of a college examination. Journal of personality and social psychology, 48(1), 150-160.

Garcia, C. (2010). Conceptualization and measurement of coping during adolescence: A review of the literature. Journal of nursing scholarship, 42(2), 166-185.

Hidayati, F. (2013). Pengaruh pelatihan “Pengasuhan Ibu Cerdas” terhadap stres pengasuhan pada Ibu dari anak autis. Psikoislamika: Jurnal Psikologi dan Psikologi Islam, 10(1), 22–29.

Holmberg Fagerlund, B., Helseth, S., & Glavin, K. (2019). Parental experience of counselling about food and feeding practices at the child health centre: A qualitative study. Journal of clinical nursing, 28(9-10), 1653-1663.

Jackson, A. P., & Choi, J. (2018). Parenting stress, harsh parenting, and children’s behavior. Journal of Family Medicine & Community Health , 5(3), 1–9.

Khoiriyyah, A. (2020). Efektivitas pelatihan keterampilan pengasuhan untuk menurunkan stres pengasuhan pada Ibu yang memiliki anak retardasi mental. PSIKOVIDYA, 24(2), 125-132.

Kusuma, L., Dimyati, D., & Harun, H. (2021). Perhatian orang tua dalam mendukung keterampilan sosial anak selama pandemi covid-19. Jurnal Obsesi: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 6(1), 373-491.

Lawrence, D. H., Alleckson, D. A., & Bjorklund, P. (2010). Beyond the roadblocks: Transitioning to adulthood with Asperger's disorder. Archives of psychiatric nursing, 24(4), 227-238.

López-Liria, R., Vargas-Muñoz, E., Aguilar-Parra, J. M., Padilla-Góngora, D., Mañas-Rodriguez, M. A., & Rocamora-Pérez, P. (2020). Effectiveness of a training program in the management of stress for parents of disabled children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 29, 964-977.

Maghfiroh, L., & Wijayanti, F. (2021). Parenting stress dengan kekerasan verbal pada anak usia sekolah di masa pandemi covid-19. Jurnal Kesehatan Kusuma Husada, 12(2), 187-193.

Mangunsong, F. (2009). Psikologi dan pendidikan anak berkebutuhan khusus. Depok: LPSP3 UI.

Mash, E. J., & Johnston, C. (1990). Determinants of Parenting Stress: Illustrations from Families of Hyperactive Children and Families of Physically Abused Children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19(4), 313–328.

Mental Health Foundation. (2021). What is stress? Retrieved from:

Ooi, K. L., Ong, Y. S., Jacob, S. A., & Khan, T. M. (2016). A meta-synthesis on parenting a child with autism. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment, 745-762.

Pamungkas, A. (2015). Pelatihan keterampilan pengasuhan autis untuk menurunkan stres pengasuhan pada Ibu dengan anak autis. Emphaty: Jurnal Fakultas Psikologi, 3(1),1-10.

Ren, J., Li, X., Chen, S., Chen, S., & Ni, Y. (2020). The influence of factors such as parenting stress and social support on the state anxiety in parents of special needs children during the COVID-19 epidemic. Frontiers in Psychology, 11(2020), 1-9.

Sharak, F. M., Bonab, B. G., & Jahed, M. (2017). Relationship between stress and religious coping and mental health in mothers with normal and intellectually disabled children. International Journal of Educational & Psychological Researches, 3(3), 198–204.

Sowmya, P., & Lakshmi, A. (2019). Comparison of parenting stress between parents of children with special needs and those with normal children: A special focus on paternal stress. Indian Journal Clinical Anatomy and Physiology, 6(5), 415–417.

Torralba, J., Oviedo, L., & Canteras, M. (2021). Religious coping in adolescents: new evidence and relevance. Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, 8(1), 1-9.

Ward, K. P., & Lee, S. J. (2020). Mothers’ and fathers’ parenting stress, responsiveness, and child wellbeing among low-income families. Children and Youth Services Review, 116, 105218.

Witschel, D., Döhla, A., Kaiser, M., Voigt, K. I., & Pfletschinger, T. (2019). Riding on the wave of digitization: Insights how and under what settings dynamic capabilities facilitate digital-driven business model change. Journal of Business Economics, 89, 1023-1095.

Woodgate, R. L., Edwards, M., & Ripat, J. (2012). How families of children with complex care needs participate in everyday life. Social Science & Medicine, 75(10), 1912-1920.



  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License