PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PROBLEM BASED LEARNING DENGAN PENDEKATAN INKUIRI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS DAN PENGUASAAN KONSEP ELASTISITAS PADA SISWA SMA

Eka Cahya Prima, Ida Kaniawati

Abstract


Low mastery of physics concepts due to lack of process skills which it was trained in the learning process. The observation result that the failure to achieve mastery of concepts in physics due to some subject-oriented learning process in practice only a matter of course in learning cognitive aspects. Learning model problem based learning with inquiry approach is able to train and involve students' process skills to solve a problem through the stages of the scientific method. This study aims to measure the increase in the mastery of concepts and science process skills after application of the learning model are compared with the conventional model. The design used in this study is to pretest and posttest control group study with a sample of students grade XI IPA-6 and XI IPA-7 in high school one of Bandung, which is determined by purposeful sampling technique. The results showed that the significant influence the implementation of the learning model to increase mastery of the concept of elasticity in the experimental class with high category (<g> = 0.77) higher increase than the control class who were categorized (<g> = 0.50), the existence of significant influence implementation of the learning model of science process skills enhancement with high category (<g> = 0.87) higher increase than the control class increased with category (<g> = 0.59). And the linear correlation (Ftc=3,2<F(0,99.(5⁄33)=3,635) positive improvement of science process skills to increase after application of the concept of mastery learning model is categorized high (0.508<ρ<0.887).


Keywords


problem based learning; model learning approach inquiry; science process skills; mastery concept

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amir, M. (2009). Inovasi Pendidikan melalui Problem based Learning. Jakarta: Prenada Media Group.

Amin, Z. (2003). Basics in Medical Education. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.

Barbara. et al. (2001). Energizing Teacher Education And Professional Development with Problem Based Learning. Virginia: Stylus Publishing, LLC.

______.(2001). The Power Of Problem Based Learning. Virginia: Stylus Publishing, LLC.

Barel, J. (2007). Problem based learning an inquiry approach. Virginia: Corwin Press.

Barrows, H.S. dan Tamblyn, R.M. (2001). Problem Based Learning An Approach to Medical Education Springer series on medical education. New York: Springer Publishing Company, Inc.

Delisle, R. (1997). How to Use Problem Based Learning in the Classroom. New York: Springer Publishing Company, Inc.

Dent J.A. and Harden, R.M. (2005). A Practical Guide For Medical Teacher. (Second Ed.). Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.

Hofstein, et al. (1982). “The Role of Laboratory in Science Teaching: Nenglected Aspect of Research.” Review of Educational Research. 52, (2), 201-217.

Ibrahim, M. (2005). Pengajaran Berdasarkan Masalah. Surabaya: University Press.

Maknun, J. et al. (2007) “Analisis Kemahiran Generik yang Dikembangkan Pelajaran Fisika Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK) Topik Kinematika Partikel.” Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Kejuruan INVOTEC, 1-14.

Nelkon, M. and Parker, P. (1975). Advanced Level Physics Third edition with SI units. Hongkong: The Hongkong Printing Press Ltd.

Putu, Y. (2002). “Belajar Berdasarkan Masalah (Problem Based Learning) Dengan Pendekatan Kelompok Kooperatif Sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Kualitas Pembelajaran Fisika Siswa Kelas III SLTP Negeri 2 Singaraja”.Tesis Program Studi Pendidikan Fisika Jurusan Pendidikan Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam IKIP Negeri Singaraja: tidak diterbitkan.

Rustaman, N.Y. (2005). Perkembangan Penelitian Pembelajaran Inkuiri Dalam Pendidikan Sains. Makalah pada Seminar FPMIPA Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung.

Schwartz, P. et al. (2001). Problem Based Learning Case Studies, Experience, and Practice. London: Stylus Publishing, Inc.

Semiawan C. et al. (1992). Pendekatan Keterampilan Proses. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia.

Tan, Oon Seng. (2004). Enhancing Thinking through Problem Based Learning Approaces. Singapore: Thomson Learning.

Uno, H. (2009). Model Pembelajaran Menciptakan Proses Belajar Mengajar yang Kreatif dan Efektif. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Wenning, C. (2005). “Levels of inquiry: Hierarchies of pedagogical practices and inquiry processes.” Journal Physics Teacher Education Online. 2, (3), 3-11.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18269/jpmipa.v16i1.36009

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.18269/jpmipa.v16i1.36009.g15385

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Pengajaran MIPA

JPMIPA http://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/jpmipa/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Jurnal Pengajaran Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (JPMIPA) or Journal of Mathematics and Science Teaching 

All rights reserverd. pISSN 1412-0917 eISSN 2443-3616

Copyright © Faculty of Mathematics and Science Education (FPMIPA) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI)

 

View JPMIPA Stats