MENINGKATKAN DAYA TANGGAP DAN HASIL BELAJAR IPA SISWA SMP DI KELAS KHUSUS OLAH RAGA MELALUI MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN ANIMASI

Tjitjih Kurniasih, Haryani Haryani, Endang Ciptowati

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan daya tanggap siswa dan hasil belajar IPA di kelas khusus olah raga dengan menggunakan media pembelajaran animasi. Melalui penelitian ini diharapkan bahwa tanggapan siswa selama Kegiatan Belajar Mengajar akan meningkat dan kegiatan belajar IPA menjadi menyenangkan sehingga akhirnya dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar IPA. Penelitian ini merupakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas tiga siklus. Setiap siklus terdiri dari empat tahap. Subjek penelitian adalah 36 siswa kelas VIII (kelas khusus olahraga) di salah satu SMP Negeri di Bogor. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah lembar observasi daya tanggap siswa selama KBM, lembar observasi kegiatan pembelajaran, dan instrumen hasil belajar (soal postes). Data yang dihasilkan kemudian dianalisis nilai rata-ratanya. Pada siklus pertama hasil belajar mencapai 42% dan daya tanggap siswa terhadap aktivitas guru dalam KBM hanya 56% (kurang). Pada siklus 2 hasil belajar mencapai 72% dan daya tanggap siswa terhadap aktivitas guru dalam KBM naik menjadi 68%. Pada siklus 3 hasil belajar IPA kelas khusus olahraga akhirnya mencapai ketuntasan klasikal 88% dan daya tanggap terhadap aktivitas guru dalam KBM mencapai 93% (melampaui standar ketuntasan klasikal). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa media pembelajaran animasi dapat meningkatkan daya tanggap dan hasil belajar IPA kelas khusus olahraga.

ABSTRACT

This research aimed to increase students’ response towards science learning and science learning outcome in sport class using animation learning media. Through this research, it was expected that students’ response during teaching and learning activities would increased and students’ will be interested in doing these activities so that it will increase their science learning outcome. This research was three cycles-class action research in which every cycles consists of four stages. Research subjects was 36, 8th grader students (sports class) in one of junior high school in Bogor. Research instruments were students’ responsiveness evaluation sheet, learning activities observation sheet, and learning results instrument (postest question). The collected data were analyzed its average. In first cycle, learning outcome was 42% whereas students’ responsiveness was 56% (low). In cycle 2, learning outcome and students’ responsiveness were increased to 72% and 68%, respectively. In cycle 3, clasical completedness of 88% for learning outcome and 93% for students’ responsiveness (beyond clasical completedness standard) were achieved. Results suggested that animation learning media may increased students’ responsiveness and learning outcome of science subjects in sports class.


Keywords


daya tanggap siswa; Hasil belajar IPA; Kelas Khusus Olah Raga; Media Pembelajaran Animasi; students’ responsiveness; science learning outcome; sport class; animation learning media

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aries, E., McCarthy, D., Salovey, P. & Banaji, M.R. (2004). A Comparison of Athletes and Non-Atheletes At Highly Selective Colleges; Academic Performance and Personal development. Research in Higher Education Vol. 45 No. 6, hlm. 577-602.

Arifin, Z. (2013). Evaluasi Pembelajaran. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Hamalik, O (2003). Proses Belajar Mengajar. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Chuan, C.C, Yusof, A., dan Mohd. Shah, P. (2013). Sports Involvement and Academic Achievement: A Study of Malaysian University Athletes. International Education Studies, Vol. 6 No.2, hlm. 12-21.

Harun dan Zaidatun. 2004. Teknologi Multimedia dalam Pendidikan. [Online]. Diakses dari http://www.ctl.utm.my/publications/ manuals/mm/elemenMM.pdf.

Hibatulloh, A.A. (2012). Perbedaan Prestasi Belajar Siswa antara kelas umum dan kelas olahraga berdasarkan tingkat pendidikan orangtua pada kelas VII SMPN 4 Purbalingga. Tesis. FIK UNY, Yogyakarta.

Hoffler, T.N., & Leutner, D. (2007). Instructional Animation versus Static Pictures: A Meta Analysis. Learning and Instruction Vol. 17 No. 6, hlm 722-738.

Education Glossary Reform. (2015). Students Engangement. [Online]. Diakses dari http://edglossary.org/studentengagement/.

Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. (2013). Jakarta: PT.Gramedia.

Kementrian Pemuda dan Olahraga. (2014). Data Profil Kepemudaan dan Keolahragaan. 2014. [Online]. Diakses dari http:// kemenpora.go.id/index/statistic.

de Koning, B.B., Tabbers, H.K., Rikers, R.M.J., & Paas, F. (2007). Attention Cueing as a Means to Enhance Learning from an Animation. Applied Cognitive Psychology Vol. 21, hlm. 731-746.

Marbach-Ad, G., Rotbain, Y., & Stavy, R. (2008). Using Computer Animation and Illustra-tion Activities to Improve High School Students’ Achievement in Molecular Genetics. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Vol. 45 No. 3, hlm. 273-292.

Mayer, R.E. & Anderson, R.B. (1992). The Instructive Animation: Helping Students Build Connections Between words and Pictures in Multimedia Learning. Journal of Educational Psychology Vol. 84 No. 4, hlm. 444-452.

Mukhtar dan Iskandar. (2010). Desain Pem-belajaran Berbasis Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi. Jakarta: Gaung Persada (GP) Press.

She, H., & Chen, Y. (2009). The Impact of multimedia effect on science learning: evidence from eye movements. Computers & Education, Vol. 53 No. 4, hlm. 1297-1307.

Shernoff, D. J., Tonks, S., & Anderson, B. (2014). The impact of the learning environment on student engagement in high school classrooms. Dalam D. J. Shernoff & J. Bempechat (Eds.), Engaging Youth in Schools: Evidence-Based Models to Guide Future Innovations, 113(1), hlm. 166-177. (pp. 166-177). New York: Columbia University.

Suwarna. (2007). Pengajaran Mikro: Pendekatan Praktis dalam Menyiapkan Pendidik Profesional. Yogjakarta: Tiara Wacana.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18269/jpmipa.v20i1.36210

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.18269/jpmipa.v20i1.36210.g15585

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Pengajaran MIPA

JPMIPA http://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/jpmipa/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Jurnal Pengajaran Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (JPMIPA) or Journal of Mathematics and Science Teaching 

All rights reserverd. pISSN 1412-0917 eISSN 2443-3616

Copyright © Faculty of Mathematics and Science Education (FPMIPA) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI)

 

View JPMIPA Stats