Classroom Teacher’s Digital Literacy Level based on Instant Digital Competence Assessment (IDCA) Perspective

Idam Ragil Widianto Atmojo, Roy Ardiansyah, Wulandari Wulandari


Technological developments have made digital literacy one of the survival skills in the 21st century, which is linked to development of teacher core competencies, and digital literacy. This study aims to evaluate the level of digital literacy among teachers in the classroom. This descriptive qualitative case study involved 6 teachers at elementary school in Surakarta as the subjects which were chosen through purposive sampling by using digital literacy framework based on the Instant Digital Competence Assessment (IDCA) perspective. It classifies digital literacy into three dimensions, namely technology, cognitive, and ethics. The results showed that, on the technology dimension, 16.67% of the subjects were in the medium category, 50% in the low category, and 33% in the very low category. On the cognitive dimension, 33.33% of the subjects were in the moderate category, 16.67% in the low category, and 50% in the very low category. On the ethical dimension, 50% of the subjects were in the high category, 16.67% in the low category, and 33.33% in the very low category. Thus, it has been concluded that the digital literacy level of classroom teachers is in the very low to high categories.


digital literacy level; elementary school; teacher digital literacy; Instant Digital Competence Assessment

Full Text:



Ahsan, M. H., Ismail, S. A., & Ahmad, M. (2022). Digital Literacy and Research Agenda : A Conceptual Analysis. TELEMATIQUE, 21(October), 3978–3985.

Almås, A. G., & Krumsvik, R. (2007). Digitally literate teachers in leading edge schools in Norway. Journal of In-Service Education, 33(4), 479–497.

Atmojo, I. R. W., Saputri, D. Y., & Fajri, A. K. (2022). Analysis of STEAM-Based TPACK Integrated Activities in Elementary School Thematic Books. Mimbar Sekolah Dasar, 9(2), 317–335.

Bowerman, S. K. (2017). Cybersecurity Threats and Technology Applications in Homeland Security. In Homeland Security Technologies for the 21st Century. ABC-CLIO.

Buckingham, D. (2016). Defining Digital Literacy. Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, 4, 59–71.

Calvani, A., Cartelli, A., Fini, A., & Ranieri, M. (2008). Models and Instruments for Assessing Digital Competence at School. Journal of E-Learning and Knowledge Society, 4(3), 183–193.

Calvani, A., Fini, A., & Ranieri, M. (2009). Assessing Digital Competence in Secondary Education - Issues, Models and Instruments. In Issues in Information and Media Literacy: Education, Practice and Pedagogy (pp. 153–172). Informing Science Press.

Calvani, A., Fini, A., & Ranieri, M. (2010). Digital Competence In K-12 . Theoretical Models , Assessment Tools and Empirical Research. Analisi, 157–171.

Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2016). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Sage publications.

Drouin, M., Miller, D., Wehle, S. M. J., & Hernandez, E. (2016). Why do people lie online? “Because everyone lies on the internet.” Computers in Human Behavior, 64, 134–142.

Firmansyah, D. (2018). Analysis of Language Skills in Primary School Children (Study Development of Child Psychology of Language). PrimaryEdu - Journal of Primary Education, 2(1), 35.

Gecikli, F. (2021). Transition to the Digital Era through Covid-19: Transformation of Digital Immigrants into Digital Native. In New Paradigms within the Communication Sciences (p. 2). Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Gerretson, H., Bosnick, A., & Schofield, K. (2008). A Case for Content Specialists as the Elementary Classroom Teacher. The Teacher Educator, 43(4), 302–314.

Glister, P. (1997). Digital Literacy. Wiley Computer Pub.

Goyal, N., & Goyal, D. (2017). Cybercrime in the society: Security issues, preventions and challenges. Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, 8(2), 73.

Güneş, E., & Bahçivan, E. (2018). A mixed research-based model for pre-service science teachers’ digital literacy: Responses to “which beliefs” and “how and why they interact” questions. Computers and Education, 118(November 2017), 96–106.

Hoechsmann, M., & Poyntz, S. R. (2012). Media Literacies: A Critical Introduction (First Publ). Wiley-Blackwell.

Jannah, M., Prasojo, L. D., & Jerusalem, M. A. (2020). Elementary School Teachers’ Perceptions of Digital Technology Based Learning in the 21st Century: Promoting Digital Technology as the Proponent Learning Tools. Al Ibtida: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru MI, 7(1), 1.

Jannana, N. S., Prabowo, T. T., & Istriyani, R. I. (2021). Identifying Fake News: A Lesson from Library Science Students. Khizanah Al-Hikmah : Jurnal Ilmu Perpustakaan, Informasi, dan Kearsipan, 9(1), 39.

Jin, K., Reichert, F., Cagasan, L. P., de la Torre, J., & Law, N. (2020). Measuring digital literacy across three age cohorts: Exploring test dimensionality and performance differences. Computers & Education, 157(103968).

Kim, K. K., Lee, A. R., & Lee, U. K. (2019). Impact of anonymity on roles of personal and group identities in online communities. Information and Management, 56(1), 109–121.

Lawrence, J. E., & Tar, U. A. (2018). Factors that influence teachers’ adoption and integration of ICT in teaching/learning process. Educational Media International, 55(1), 79–105.

Lubis, A. H., & Wangid, M. N. (2019). Augmented Reality-assisted Pictorial Storybook : Media to Enhance Discipline Character of Primary School Students. Mimbar Sekolah Dasar, 6(1), 11–20.

Mailizar, Almanthari, A., Maulina, S., & Bruce, S. (2020). Secondary school mathematics teachers’ views on e-learning implementation barriers during the COVID-19 pandemic: The case of Indonesia. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 16(7).

Mason, J., Khan, K., & Smith, S. (2016). Literate , Numerate , and Discriminate – Realigning 21st Century Skills. International Conference on Computers in Education.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook (Third Edit). SAGE Publications, Inc.

Naseh, M. V. (2016). Person and personality in cyber space: A legal analysis of virtual identity. Masaryk UJL & Tech, 10(1).

Rachmadtullah, R., Zulela, M. S., & Syarif Sumantri, M. (2019). Computer-based interactive multimedia: A study on the effectiveness of integrative thematic learning in elementary schools. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1175(1).

Rambousek, V., Stipek, J., & Vankova, P. (2016). Contents of digital literacy from the perspective of teachers and pupils. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 217, 354–362.

Ratheeswari, K. (2018). Information Communication Technology in Education. Recent Trend of Teaching Methods in Education, 3, S45–S47.

Reddy, P., Sharma, B., & Chaudhary, K. (2020). Digital Literacy : A Review of Literature. International Journal of Technoethics, 11(2), 65–94.

Robinson, L., Cotten, S. R., Ono, H., Quan-Haase, A., Mesch, G., Chen, W., Schulz, J., Hale, T. M., & Stern, M. J. (2015). Digital inequalities and why they matter. Information, Communication & Society, 8(5).

Rosa, Y., & Wahju, M. B. (2020). Inventory and Sales Information System Design on Clothing Store (Case Study: X Fashion, Jakarta). Jurnal Logistik Indonesia, 4(1), 39–48.

Spante, M., Hashemi, S. S., Lundin, M., & Algers, A. (2018). Digital competence and digital literacy in higher education research: Systematic review of concept use. Cogent Education, 5(1).

Suggate, S. P., Schaughency, E. A., & Reese, E. (2013). Children learning to read later catch up to children reading earlier. , 28(1), 33–48. doi: Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 28(1), 33–48.

Suhardi, D., Muhammad, H., Iskandar, H., Surapranata, S., Farid, H., Daryanto, & Suprayitno, T. (2017). Materi Pendukung Literasi Digital. Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Syahid, A. A., & Nugraha, D. (2019). Development of a Training Curriculum Structure to Improve ICT Competencies of Teachers in Primary Schools. Mimbar Sekolah Dasar, 6(1), 21–31.

Szabo, Z. K., Körtesi, P., Guncaga, J., Szabo, D., & Neag, R. (2020). Examples of problem-solving strategies in mathematics education supporting the sustainability of 21st-century skills. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(23), 1–28.

Tamrin, M., Azkiya, H., & Sari, S. G. (2017). Problems Faced by the Teacher in Maximizing the Use of Learning Media in Padang. Al-Ta Lim Journal, 24(1), 60–66.

Tican, C., & Deniz, S. (2019). Pre-service teachers’ opinions about the use of 21st century learner and 21st century teacher skills. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(1), 181–197.

Vavrova, Y. (2014). Virtual Media Reality-Second and Third Life. In Current Issues of Science and Research in the Global World (p. 4). CRC Press.

Vodă, A. I., Cautisanu, C., Grădinaru, C., Tănăsescu, C., & de Moraes, G. H. S. M. (2022). Exploring Digital Literacy Skills in Economics and Social Sciences and Humanities Students. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(5), 1–31.

Wiedarti, P., Laksono, K., Retnaningdyah, P., Dewayani, S., Muldian, W., Sufyadi, S., Roosaria, D. R., Faizah, D. U., Sulastri, Rahmawan, N., Rahayu, S. R., Yusuf SA, A., & Antoro, B. (2019). Desain Induk Gerakan Literasi Sekolah. Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Wijayanto, I., Widyawati, A., & Wicaksono, S. S. (2022). Hoax news in the midst of an unstoppable flow of information: The university’s role. AIP Conference Proceedings 2573.

Wolcott, S. K., & Lynch, C. L. (1997). Critical thinking in the accounting classroom: A reflective judgment developmental process perspective. Accounting Education: A Journal of Theory, Practice and Research, 2(1), 59–78.

Yu, K.-C., Fan, S.-C., & Lin, K.-Y. (2014). Enhancing Students’ Problem-solving Skills through Project-based Learning. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education 2014, 13(6), 1377–1401.

Yuhanis, Arafat, Y., & Puspitasari, A. (2020). Implementation of Character Education in Fostering Elementary School Students in Gelumbang, Indonesia. Pedagogi: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 20(2).

Zakharov, K., Komarova, A., Baranova, T., & Gulk, E. (2022). Information Literacy and Digital Competence of Teachers in the Age of Digital Transformation. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 247, 857–868.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Mimbar Sekolah Dasar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View Mimbar Sekolah Dasar Stats