Home, school, and community factors on Indonesian secondary students’ self-identity changes

Ignatius Harjanto, Anita Lie, Juliana Wijaya

Abstract


This study examines the effects of home, school, and community factors on Indonesian secondary students’ self-identity changes in relation to their use of English. The subjects of this research were 1707 Indonesian high school students from four big cities in Indonesia. The instrument was a questionnaire on the influence of English exposure at home, school, and community and six categories of self-identity changes: self-confidence, subtractive, additive, productive, split, and zero changes. The analysis showed that there were three noticeable findings, they were (1) the issue of self-identity change on Indonesian students was not evident, (2) the greatest influence on the six self-identity indicators came from community factors altogether although slightly, and (3) the biggest influence of all was home factors on the subjects’ self-confidence. A conclusion is then made with a recommendation.


Keywords


identity; identity formation; self-identity change; self-confidence

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/ijal.v9i2.20232

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.