Teaching French Language Through Films: The Cultural Contents in French and Francophone Films

Joesana Tjahjani, Damar Jinanto


Foreign language teaching in the current globalization era needs to compete with technological development. This competition is related to the discovery of digital technology-based methods to motivate learners to provide more interesting cultural content in language classes. For teachers from different cultural backgrounds, authentic documents such as films are considered very effective in delivering cultural content. This research takes a French film, Intouchables, and a Canadian francophone film, Monsieur Lazhar, as a research corpus for their cultural content to be analyzed. The proper understanding of the two films' cultural content can inform a digital technology-based French-language teaching medium. To discover what strategies or formulas are used in teaching French with cultural-laden films as teaching media requires studying the films by dissecting the structure of the text. Examination of the structure of the films was based on the theory of Boggs and Petrie (2008), equipped with in-depth reading to find signs in the text by referring to Buckland (2004); and also the identification of cultural content using the cultural approach by Stern (1992). The construction of a teaching plan with a language teaching approach by Damen (1987) and Byram (1997) will be the last step. This research provides an academic outcome that is a film structural analysis to identify cultural content in the two films. The second outcome is a practical categorization of cultural content utilized as a language teaching material.


Cultural content; film; French language teaching; language in education

Full Text:



Albiladi, W. S., Abdeen, F. H. & Lincoln, F. (2018). Learning English through Movies: Adult English Language Learners’ Perceptions. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 8(12), 1567-1574.

Boggs, J. M., & Petrie, D. W. (2008). The Art of Watching Films. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Buckland, W. (2004). The Cognitive Semiotics of Film. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Byram, M. (1997). Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative Competence. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters Ltd. 50-53.

Chun, D., Kern, R. & Smith, B. (2016). Technology in Language Use, Language Teaching, and Language Learning. The Modern Language Journal, Vol. 100, 64-80.

Damen, L. (1987). Culture Learning: The Fifth Dimension in the language Classroom. Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.

Darmawangsa, D., Sukmayadi, V., & Yahya A. H. (2020). First-year Students’ Communication Apprehension in Learning French as Foreign Language. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 10(2), 340-348.

Fauziyah, R. A., & Tjahjani, J. (2018). White Supremacy Symbolization and Representation in “The Great Wall” and “Doctor Strange” Movies. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 257, 24-30.

Habiňáková, E. (2016). Foreign Language Teaching with Integration of Cultural Content. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences MCSER Publishing, 7(1), 299-305.

Hammer, J. & Swaffar, J. (2012). Assessing Strategic Cultural Competency: Holistic Approaches to Student Learning Through Media. The Modern Language Journal, 96(2), 209-233.

Ilari, B., Chen-Hafteck, L., & Crawford, Lisa. (2013). Singing and cultural understanding: A music education perspective. International Journal of Music Education, 31(2), 202-216.

Nguyen, T. T. T. (2017). Integrating Culture into Language Teaching and Learning: Learner Outcomes. The Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 17(1), 145-155.

Nurseto, T. (2011). Membuat Media Pembelajaran yang Menarik. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pendidikan, 8(1), 19-35.

Pfaff, F. (2014). Film and Teaching of Foreign Languages and Cultures. CLA Journal, 57(4), 279-284.

Rajprasit, K. (2020). Critical ‘intercultural awareness’ enhancement: Effects of using asynchronous online discussion with Thai tertiary students. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 10(1), 118-131.

Rice, A. (2013). Cinema for French Conversation, Le cinéma en cours de français. 4th ed. Newburyport: Focus Publishings

Salim, S. K. (2017). Teaching Language and Culture. In Proceedings of the 8th International Visible Conference on Educational Studies & Applied Linguistics 2017. Erbil, Iraq. 464-470.

Stern, H. H. (1992). Issues and Options in Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tognozi, E. (2010). Teaching and Evaluating Language and Culture through Film. Italica, 87(1). 69-91.

Yalçın, N. (2013). Using Movies in Language Classrooms Means of Understanding Cultural Diversity, Epiphany: Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 6(1). 259-271.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/ijal.v11i2.29450


  • There are currently no refbacks.

View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.