Cover Image

The Development of Web-Based Learning using Interactive Media for Science Learning on Levers in Human Body Topic

Lia Astuti, Yaya Wihardi, Diana Rochintaniawati


Integrated curriculum is a popular way to develop 21st-century skills, but most of the materials are written on the books separately. Furthermore, web-based learning is an online learning media that can be accessed using an internet connection anytime and anywhere. However, many educational websites do not apply the principles of effective learning. Besides, the traditional learning methods tend to be bored for the students. In order to solve this problem, this study designed a website education that uses interactive content to assist students in learning levers in the human body topic as one of the integrated science materials. The process of developing an educational website consists of three steps: (1) analysis, (2) design, (3) construction making. This research method used descriptive method, and the experts' judgment will evaluate it on content, language, and media/IT. The questionnaires used the technology acceptance model (TAM) and five-dimensional interactivity to investigate the readability of the subjects' perception responses. The research subject was three science teachers and 31 students on private Junior High School in Bandung. According to the result, generally, it has a good evaluation of each aspect. But, the website education needs a strong signal to access for not taking load time consumer.

Full Text:

Download PDF


Åberg, E. S., Ståhle, Y., Engdahl, I., & Knutes-Nyqvist, H. (2016). Designing a Website to Support Students' Academic Writing Process. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 15(1), 33-42.

Alaswad, Z., & Nadolny, L. (2015). Designing for game-based learning: The effective integration of technology to support learning. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 43(4), 389-402.

Ardianto, D., & Rubini, B. (2016). Comparison of Students' Scientific Literacy in Integrated Science Learning through Model of Guided Discovery and Problem Based Learning. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 5(1), 31-37.

Asrizal, A., Amran, A., Ananda, A., & Festiyed, F. (2018). Effectiveness of adaptive, contextual learning model of integrated science by integrating digital age literacy on grade VIII students. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 335, No. 1, p. 012067). IOP Publishing.

Bolkan, S., Goodboy, A. K., & Kelsey, D. M. (2016). Instructor clarity and student motivation: Academic performance as a product of students’ ability and motivation to process instructional material. Communication Education, 65(2), 129-148.

Chang, M. M. (2007). Enhancing web‐based language learning through self‐monitoring. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 23(3), 187-196.

Chawinga, W. D., & Zozie, P. A. (2016). Increasing access to higher education through open and distance learning: Empirical findings from Mzuzu University, Malawi. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 17(4), 1-20.

Chou, C. (2003). Interactivity and interactive functions in web‐based learning systems: a technical framework for designers. British Journal of Educational Technology, 34(3), 265-279.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2011). Planning educational research. Research methods in education. New York: Routledge Editors.

Cook, D. A. (2007). Web-based learning: pros, cons, and controversies. Clinical Medicine, 7(1), 37-42.

Cook, D. A., & Dupras, D. M. (2004). A practical guide to developing effective web-based learning. Journal of general internal medicine, 19(6), 698-707.

Croasmun, J. T., & Ostrom, L. (2011). Using Likert-type Scales in the Social Sciences. Journal of Adult Education, 40(1), 19-22.

Davis, F. D., Bagozzi, R. P., & Warshaw, P. R. (1989). User acceptance of computer technology: a comparison of two theoretical models. Management Science, 35(8), 982-1003.

Dogan, B., & Dikbıyık, E. (2016). OPCOMITS: Developing an adaptive and intelligent web-based educational system based on the concept map model. Computer Applications in Engineering Education, 24(5), 676-691.

Drake, S. M., & Savage, M. J. (2016). Negotiating Accountability and Integrated Curriculum from a Global Perspective. International Journal of Learning, Teaching, and Educational Research, 15(6), 127-144.

Du, S., Liu, Z., Liu, S., Yin, H., Xu, G., Zhang, H., & Wang, A. (2013). Web-based distance learning for nurse education: a systematic review. International nursing review, 60(2), 167-177.

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. (2013). How to design and evaluate research in education. New York: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages.

Goh, W. W., Bay, S., & Chen, V. H. H. (2015). Young school children’s use of digital devices and parental rules. Telematics and Informatics, 32(4), 787-795.

Ha, L., & James, E. L. (1998). Interactivity reexamined: A baseline analysis of early business web sites. Journal of broadcasting & electronic media, 42(4), 457-474.

Hesti, R., Maknun, J., & Feranie, S. (2017). Text-Based Analogy in Overcoming Student Misconception on Simple Electricity Circuit Material. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 895, No. 1, p. 012146). IOP Publishing.

Holzinger, A., Emberger, W., Wassertheurer, S., & Neal, L. (2008). Design, development and evaluation of online interactive simulation software for learning human genetics. e & i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik, 125(5), 190-196.

Huang, X., Chandra, A., DePaolo, C. A., & Simmons, L. L. (2016). Understanding transactional distance in web-based learning environments: An empirical study. British Journal of Educational Technology, 47(4), 734-747.

Keengwe, J., & Anyanwu, L. O. (2007). Computer technology-infused learning enhancement. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 16(5), 387-393.

Kenny, A. (2000). Untangling the Web; barriers and benefits for nurse education; an Australian perspective. Nurse Education Today, 20(5), 381-388.

Khalifa, M., & Lam, R. (2002). Web-based learning: Effects on learning process and outcome. IEEE Transactions on education, 45(4), 350-356.

Lykke, M., Coto, M., Mora, S., Vandel, N., & Jantzen, C. (2014). Motivating programming students by problem-based learning and LEGO robots. In 2014 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON) (pp. 544-555). IEEE.

Norman, K. L. (2000). Desktop distance education: Personal hosting of Web courses. In Web-based learning and teaching technologies: Opportunities and challenges (pp. 117-134). IGI Global.

Paulsen, M. F. (2003). On-Line Education and Learning Management. Global e-Learning from a Scandinavian Perspective.

Purpura, J. E. (2013). Assessing grammar. The companion to language assessment, 1, 100-124.

Pursitasari, I. D., Nuryanti, S., & Rede, A. (2015). Promoting of Thematic-Based Integrated Science Learning on the Junior High School. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(20), 97-101.

Seifert, T. (2004). Understanding student motivation. Educational Research, 46(2), 137-149.

Srivastava, J., Cooley, R., Deshpande, M., & Tan, P. N. (2000). Web usage mining: Discovery and applications of usage patterns from web data. Acm Sigkdd Explorations Newsletter, 1(2), 12-23.

Voogt, J., Erstad, O., Dede, C., & Mishra, P. (2013). Challenges to learning and schooling in the digitally networked world of the 21st century. Journal of computer-assisted learning, 29(5), 403-413.

Walsh, A. (2014). SEEK!: creating and crowdfunding a game-based open educational resource to improve information literacy. Insights, 27(1), 63-67.

Wang, M., Cheng, B., Chen, J., Mercer, N., & Kirschner, P. A. (2017). The use of web-based collaborative concept mapping to support group learning and interaction in an online environment. The Internet and Higher Education, 34, 28-40.

Warmbrod, J. R. (2014). Reporting and Interpreting Scores Derived from Likert-type Scales. Journal of Agricultural Education, 55(5), 30-47.

Yuliati, L. (2013). Efektivitas bahan ajar IPA terpadu terhadap kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa SMP. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 9(1), 53-57.

Zaiane, O. (2001). Web usage mining for a better web-based learning environment. Retrived from

Zapalska, A., & Brozik, D. (2006). Learning styles and online education. Campus-Wide Information Systems, 23(5), 325-335.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Lia Astuti, Yaya Wihardi, Diana Rochintaniawati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published by Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
in collaboration with the Indonesian Society of Science Educators